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The Greater Arab Free Trade Area(GAFTA): an Estimation of Its Trade Effects

Author

Listed:
  • Péridy, Nicolas

    () (Université du Sud Toulon-Var(LEAD))

  • Abedini, Javad

    () (Université du Nantes)

Abstract

In 1997, fourteen Arab countries concluded an agreement, aimed at achieving the Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA) by 1.1.2007 at the latest. This paper provides a first ex-post appraisal of the GAFTA agreement’s trade effects. Based on new theoretical developments of the gravity equation, we estimate a panel data model which covers trade within the GAFTA area as well as with 35 other reference countries, over the period 1988-2005. Several estimators are presented, especially transformed fixed-effects, Hausman and Taylor as well as a GMM dynamic estimator. As a main finding, the calculation of gross trade creation shows that regional trade has increased by 20% since GAFTA has been implemented.

Suggested Citation

  • Péridy, Nicolas & Abedini, Javad, 2008. "The Greater Arab Free Trade Area(GAFTA): an Estimation of Its Trade Effects," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 23, pages 848-872.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0456
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Christopher S. P. Magee, 2016. "Trade creation, trade diversion, and the general equilibrium effects of regional trade agreements: a study of the European Community–Turkey customs union," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(2), pages 383-399, May.
    2. Céline Carrère & Julien Gourdon & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2012. "Regional Integration and Natural Resources: who benefits? Evidence from MENA," International Economics, CEPII research center, issue 131, pages 23-41.
    3. Mohieddine Hadhri, 2011. "Globalisation Challenges and New Arab Regionalism: Towards a New Deal of South–South Integration," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Integration, Volume I, chapter 21 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. María Dolores Parra Robles & Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso & Celestino Suárez Burguet, 2012. "The impact of FTAs on MENA trade," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 217, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
    5. P. Montalbano & S. Nenci, 2014. "Assessing the trade impact of the European Neighbourhood Policy on the EU-MED Free Trade Area," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(7), pages 730-740, March.
    6. Marek Gora & Grzegorz Kula & Magdalena Rokicka & Oleksandr Rohozynsky & Anna Ruzik, 2008. "Social Security, Labour Market and Restructuring: Current Situation and Expected Outcomes of Reforms," ESCIRRU Working Papers 5, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    7. Lim, Jamus Jerome & Saborowski, Christian, 2010. "Estimates of trade-related adjustment costs in Syria," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 843-864, November.
    8. Hoekman, Bernard & Zarrouk, Jamel, 2009. "Changes in cross-border trade costs in the Pan-Arab free trade area, 2001-2008," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5031, The World Bank.
    9. Sekkat, Khalid, 2012. "Manufactured Exports and FDI in Southern Mediterranean Countries: Evolution, determinants and prospects," CEPS Papers 6849, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    10. M. D. Parra & I. Martinez-Zarzoso & C. Suárez-Burguet, 2016. "The impact of FTAs on MENA trade in agricultural and industrial products," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(25), pages 2341-2353, May.
    11. Irena Mikolajun & Jean-Marie Viaene, 2015. "Trade, Factor Mobility and the Extent of Economic Integration: Theory and Evidence," CESifo Working Paper Series 5481, CESifo Group Munich.
    12. Irena Mikolajun & Jean-Marie Viaene, 2015. "Trade, Factor Mobility and the Extent of Economic Integration: Theory and Evidence," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-096/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
    13. Arian Farshbaf & Jeffrey B. Nugent, 2014. "Does MENA trade too little, both within the region and with other regions? If so, why, and if not, why not?," Chapters,in: The Economic and Political Aftermath of the Arab Spring, chapter 2, pages 35-78 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    14. Khalid Sekkat, 2013. "Is There Anything Special With Intra-Arab Capital Flows?," Working Papers 812, Economic Research Forum, revised Dec 2013.
    15. Abu Hatab, Assem, 2015. "The Impact of Regional Integration on Intra-Arab Trade in Agrifood Commodities: A Panel Data Approach," MPRA Paper 67991, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 07 Jun 2015.
    16. Roesmara Donna, Duddy & Widodo, Tri & Adiningsih, Sri, 2018. "Do RTAs Increase Bilateral Trade in the MENA Region?," MPRA Paper 85254, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. elmallah, mariam, 2014. "The Euro-Med Free Trade Area: An Empirical Assessment of the main Trade Agreements' Effects," MPRA Paper 57448, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Abdessalem Abassi & Lota Dabio Tamini, 2016. "Trade performance and potential of North African countries: An application of a stochastic frontier gravity model," Cahiers de recherche CREATE 2016-4, CREATE.
    19. Gavrilescu, Camelia & Mateoc, Sirb Nicoleta & Mateoc, Teodor, 2017. "Romanian agrifood trade with the mediterranean countries – from the Barcelona declaration to the euro-mediterranean partnership," MPRA Paper 85092, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    regional economic integration; GAFTA; gravity equation; panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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