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Increasing Agglomeration or Dispersion? Industrial Specialization and Geographic Concentration in NAFTA


  • Vogiatzoglou, Klimis

    () (University of pataras)


We analyze industrial specialization and geographic concentration patterns within the NAFTA area during 1988-2000 and examine the determinant of spatial concentration. NAFTA countries have become increasingly dissimilar over time. A changing spatial structure of total NAFTA manufacturing is also evident. Manufaturing is increasingly relocating to Mexico, wich comes at the expense of the US. In addition , tere is evidence of a general upward trend in the degree of relative geographic concentration of North-American industries. Labor-intensive and low-technology activities appear to be the most spatially concentrated industries, exhibiting a strong increasing trend. Comparative advantage factors largely explain geographic concentration of industries across NAFTA countries, indicating the empirical relevance of traditional trade theory in the NAFTA case.

Suggested Citation

  • Vogiatzoglou, Klimis, 2006. "Increasing Agglomeration or Dispersion? Industrial Specialization and Geographic Concentration in NAFTA," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 21, pages 379-396.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0361

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    Cited by:

    1. Trejo Nieto , Alejandra Berenice, 2010. "The geographic concentration in Mexican manufacturing industries, an account of patterns, dynamics and explanations: 1988-2003," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 18, pages 37-60.
    2. Stricker Luzius & Baruffini Moreno, 2017. "Spatial planning and policy evaluation in an urban conurbation: a regional Agent-based economic model," Экономика региона, CyberLeninka;Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки «Институт экономики Уральского отделения Российской академии наук», vol. 13(1), pages 261-275.

    More about this item


    Specialization; Geographic concentration; Economic integration; NFATA;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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