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Should Small Countries Join an Existing Monetary Union ?


  • M. von Furstenberg, George

    () (Fordham University)

  • P. Teolis, David

    (General Motors Corporation)


We explore the welfare consequences of the alternative monetary and exchangerate regimes still available to the small country in open international financial markets in view of the optimum monetary policy that the large country adopts for itself. Both economies are based on nominal wage contracts with employment determined by the demand for labor under the contract terms. Reacting to movement in contemporaneously observable price variables, the monetary authorities of the large country, and of the small country under floating, aim to keep labor on its supply curve in the face of IS and LM shocks to aggregate demand, and shocks to aggregate supply. With monetary union, the small country trades discretionary monetary policy for greater stability in real exchange rates and insulation from its own idiosyncratic money supply and demand disturbances. The relative welfare costs of the different regimes for the small country are modeled and deduced from researched parameter values. The result is that there can be a stabilization rationale for accession to a monetary union except at low values of the correlations of like types of shocks for the large and small country.

Suggested Citation

  • M. von Furstenberg, George & P. Teolis, David, 2002. "Should Small Countries Join an Existing Monetary Union ?," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 17, pages 104-132.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0187

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Alexandra Lopes, 2006. "The Costs of EMU for Transition Countries," Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 149, Society for Computational Economics.
    2. Roberta Capello & Ugo Fratesi, 2010. "Globalization and a dual Europe: future alternative growth trajectories," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 45(3), pages 633-665, December.

    More about this item


    Monetary Union; Floating Exchange Rates; Accession Countries;

    JEL classification:

    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration


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