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Happiness and Spirituality: An Empirical Analysis using Divine Perspectives in Pakistan


  • Abidi, Syed Ali

    () (M.Phil Scholar, School of Economics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan)

  • Majeed, Muhammad Tariq

    (Assistant Professor, School of Economics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan)


Happiness is the center of discussion among philosophers, theologians, psychologists and more recently among economists from past few decades. Easterlin (1974) claimed that money alone cannot buy happiness, factors such as social interactions, socio-demographic factors, religion and personal values influence happiness. Abundant literature has been produced on spirituality by philosophers and scholars of different religions, however, spirituality-happiness literature from Islamic point of view and particularly in the case of Muslim society is largely ignored. This study analytically explores and empirically tests the relationship between spirituality and happiness using Divine Economics Framework in case of 5 districts of Azad Kashmir (Pakistan), collected through Divine Economics Survey 2013. Findings of the study show that spirituality intrinsically matters in producing wellbeing and happiness.

Suggested Citation

  • Abidi, Syed Ali & Majeed, Muhammad Tariq, 2019. "Happiness and Spirituality: An Empirical Analysis using Divine Perspectives in Pakistan," Empirical Economic Review, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, vol. 2(1), pages 117-151.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:empecr:0015

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    More about this item


    Divine Capital; Divine Economics; Happiness; Spirituality; Ultimate Reality; Universal Values;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles
    • I13 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Insurance, Public and Private


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