IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ris/ecoint/0659.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Do Trade Preferential Agreements Enhance the Exports of Developing Countries? Evidence from the EU GSP - Gli accordi di preferenza commerciale promuovono le esportazioni dei paesi in via di sviluppo? Un’analisi del sistema di preferenze generalizzate

Author

Listed:
  • Aiello, Francesco

    () (University of Calabria, Department of Economics and Statistics)

  • Demaria, Fedrica

    () (University of Calabria, Department of Economics and Statistics)

Abstract

The EU grants preferential access to its imports from developing countries under several trade agreements. The widest arrangement, in terms of country and product coverage, is the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) through which, since 1971, virtually all developing countries have received preferential treatment when exporting to EU. This paper evaluates the impact of GSP in enhancing developing countries’ exports to EU markets. It is based on the estimation of a gravity model for a sample of 769 products exported from 169 countries to EU over the period 2001-2004. From an econometric point of view, the estimation methods take into account unobservable country heterogeneity and the potential selection bias which zero-trade values pose. Moreover, the empirical setting considers an explicit measure of trade preferences, the margin of preferences. The analysis offers new empirical evidence that the impact of GSP on developing countries’ agricultural exports to the EU is, on average, positive. - Sin dagli anni settanta l’Unione Europea (UE) garantisce accesso preferenziale alle sue importazioni provenienti dai paesi in via di sviluppo (PVS) attraverso una serie di accordi di preferenza commerciale. Tra questi, il più importante è il Sistema di Preferenze Generalizzate (SPG), che è adottato dall’UE su base unilaterale e garantisce ai paesi beneficiari la concessione di preferenze commerciali, tariffarie e non, alle esportazioni sul mercato comunitario. Lo scopo di questo articolo è di valutare se il SPG ha stimolato le esportazioni agricole dei PVS verso l’UE nel periodo 2001- 2004. L’analisi empirica è effettuata utilizzando un modello gravitazionale e considera i flussi commerciali di 769 prodotti agricoli provenienti da 169 paesi. Per valutare l’impatto delle preferenze garantite da tale accordo si utilizza una misura quantitativa del margine di preferenza commerciale e, da un punto di vista econometrico, si utilizza uno stimatore che permette di tener conto degli effetti sulle stime determinati dalla presenza di flussi commerciali nulli. Se da un lato i risultati mostrano che il SPG esercita, in media, un impatto positivo sulle esportazioni dei paesi beneficiari, dall’altro lato l’analisi evidenzia l’esistenza di sostanziali differenze di impatto da un settore all’altro.

Suggested Citation

  • Aiello, Francesco & Demaria, Fedrica, 2012. "Do Trade Preferential Agreements Enhance the Exports of Developing Countries? Evidence from the EU GSP - Gli accordi di preferenza commerciale promuovono le esportazioni dei paesi in via di sviluppo? ," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 65(3), pages 371-402.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0659
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.iei1946.it/RePEc/ccg/AIELLO%20DEMARIA%20371_404.pdf
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade Preferences; Agricultural Trade; Gravity Model;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0659. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Angela Procopio). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/cacogit.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.