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The Dynamics of Upgrading or How to Catch-up - Imitation and Growth of Newly Industrializing Countries

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The upgrading process through imitation is analyzed for a technologically backward country in an industrialized neighborhood. Depending on human capital, trade policy and R&D expenditures, two regimes of development can be identified. A regime of increasing relative backwardness and a regime of upgrading. Pure imitation may support the upgrading process, but cannot fully dose the technological gap towards the industrialized world in the end. A full closure of the gap requires switching the process from imitation to innovation. Under normal conditions the upgrading process can be accelerated by education efforts, liberal trade policy, and increasing R&D expenditures.

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  • Gries, Thomas & Wigger, Berthold Wigger, 1993. "The Dynamics of Upgrading or How to Catch-up - Imitation and Growth of Newly Industrializing Countries," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 46(4), pages 377-387.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0433
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    Cited by:

    1. T. Gries & M. Redlin, 2011. "International integration and the determinants of regional development in China," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 149-177, April.

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