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R&S e competitività interna¬zionale in Europa: un’analisi settoriale - R&D and competitiveness in Europe: A sectoral analysis




The purpose is to explain the relation between the dynamics of R&D expenditures and that of exports in the four largest EU countries: France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom. Estimation of a fixed effects (Least Squares Dummy Variable) panel model for manufacturing as a whole and for fourteen (two digit) industries in manufacturing over the 1981-1992 period points out a positive and significant relation between variation in the share of R&D by each of the relevant countries on total R&D by all OECD countries and variation in the share of export by each of the relevant countries on total exports by OECD countries. In particular, this relation is stronger in Motor vehicles & equipment, Chemicals & pharmaceuticals, Mechanical engineering, Food, beverages & tobacco, Wood, paper & printing, whereas it turns out to be of scant significance for Textiles, clothing & footwear. In the light of these findings, further support is provided for the hypothesis that the competitive advantage/disadvantage of nations is strongly connected with their innovative capability.

Suggested Citation

  • Pantiglioni , Barbara & Santarelli , Enrico, 1998. "R&S e competitività interna¬zionale in Europa: un’analisi settoriale - R&D and competitiveness in Europe: A sectoral analysis," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 51(1), pages 47-62.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0314

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    More about this item


    R&D; technological innovation; trade performance; manufacturing; European countries;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General


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