Disoccupazione e commercio internazionale
The debate on international trade and labor market equilibria has often neglected the effects of the former in terms of employment, assuming that these very effects would have been nullified by general equilibrium sector reshuffling. Nevertheless these effects can be relevant also in general equilibrium, in the short run, and for specific sectors, in partial equilibrium. After having examined the heterodox contributions of Joan Robinson and Nicholas Kaldor, and having explored the effect of trade on employment in a Brecher-Krugman general equilibrium model, the paper proposes a decomposition of the effects of international trade in terms of substitution of national products with imports (Robinson effect) and of change in the production structure (Kaldor effect) and presents an ex-post measurement for the chemical and the automobile sector cases, for five OECD countries (France, Germany, Italy, UK and USA). JEL Classification:
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Volume (Year): 53 (2000)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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