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Disoccupazione e commercio internazionale

Author

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  • De Benedictis, Luca

    () (Dipartimento di Istituzioni Economiche e Finanziarie (Department of Economic and Financial Institutions) Facoltà di Economia (Faculty of Economics) Università degli Studi di Macerata)

Abstract

The debate on international trade and labor market equilibria has often neglected the effects of the former in terms of employment, assuming that these very effects would have been nullified by general equilibrium sector reshuffling. Nevertheless these effects can be relevant also in general equilibrium, in the short run, and for specific sectors, in partial equilibrium. After having examined the heterodox contributions of Joan Robinson and Nicholas Kaldor, and having explored the effect of trade on employment in a Brecher-Krugman general equilibrium model, the paper proposes a decomposition of the effects of international trade in terms of substitution of national products with imports (Robinson effect) and of change in the production structure (Kaldor effect) and presents an ex-post measurement for the chemical and the automobile sector cases, for five OECD countries (France, Germany, Italy, UK and USA). JEL Classification:

Suggested Citation

  • De Benedictis, Luca, 2000. "Disoccupazione e commercio internazionale," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 53(4), pages 471-486.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0232
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Eichengreen, Barry & Rose, Andrew K & Wyplosz, Charles, 1996. "Contagious Currency Crises," CEPR Discussion Papers 1453, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Graciela Kaminsky & Saul Lizondo & Carmen M. Reinhart, 1998. "Leading Indicators of Currency Crises," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 45(1), pages 1-48, March.
    3. Obstfeld, Maurice, 1986. "Rational and Self-fulfilling Balance-of-Payments Crises," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 72-81, March.
    4. Paul R Masson, 1998. "Contagion; Monsoonal Effects, Spillovers, and Jumps Between Multiple Equilibria," IMF Working Papers 98/142, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Krugman, Paul, 1979. "A Model of Balance-of-Payments Crises," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 11(3), pages 311-325, August.
    6. Frankel, Jeffrey A. & Rose, Andrew K., 1996. "Currency crashes in emerging markets: An empirical treatment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-4), pages 351-366, November.
    7. van der Ploeg, Frederick, 1989. "The Political Economy of Overvaluation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 850-855, September.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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