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Geography, Child Healthcare, Child Education, and Economic Development


  • Suliman, Osman

    () (Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Department of Economics)

  • Smith, Kenneth

    () (Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Department of Economics)

  • Geiger, Charles

    () (Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Department of Geography)


We investigate whether geography (temperature and access to international markets), child healthcare, and education matter in economic development for a panel of 44 poor and non-poor countries using random effects GLS analysis over the period 1980-1997. Temperature and market access are particularly important geographical factors in poor countries. Child healthcare and education are important for development and, interestingly, we find negative interaction between them, indicating a potential substitution effect. The results indicate that climate (temperature) has a positive relationship with development in non-poor countries only, when the technology-promoting variables are included. Temperature has a negative relationship with the development of poor countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Suliman, Osman & Smith, Kenneth & Geiger, Charles, 2008. "Geography, Child Healthcare, Child Education, and Economic Development," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 61(1), pages 101-123.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0045

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    More about this item


    Land-locked; Climate; Child Healthcare; Child Education; GLS;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General


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