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Allocution présidentielle, 44e Congrès annuel de la Société Canadienne de Science Économique (SCSE), Québec, le 5 mai 2004 : où en sommes-nous avec les coûts sociaux du transport?

  • Gagné, Robert

    (HEC Montréal)

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    Private and social costs are significantly different in the transportation sector. These differences are a source of economic inefficiencies which can be reduced by using two traditional economic tools: pricing and taxation. We explore the reasons that may explain why pricing and taxation are not widely used in the transportation sector. We also discuss the efficiency of these two tools and their relevance given a context where their application is a political matter. Finally, we also discuss alternative and complementary solutions to pricing and taxation. Le secteur des transports se caractérise notamment par des écarts significatifs entre les coûts privés et les coûts sociaux. Ces écarts entraînent des distorsions qui sont source d’inefficacités économiques pouvant, en principe, se corriger à l’aide des outils économiques traditionnels que sont la tarification et la taxation. Nous examinons les raisons pouvant expliquer pourquoi on observe très peu de cas de taxation ou de tarification dans le secteur des transports. Nous discutons également de l’efficacité de ces outils et de leur pertinence dans un contexte où l’utilisation de ces outils relève des décideurs publics. Enfin, nous discutons d’avenues alternatives et complémentaires à la tarification et la taxation.

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    Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

    Volume (Year): 80 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 4 (Décembre)
    Pages: 561-569

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:80:y:2004:i:4:p:561-569
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