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Le chômage favorise-t-il les réformes ou est-il un facteur de sclérose?


  • Saint-Paul, Gilles

    (Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Espagne)


In this article, we discuss the consequences of the functioning of the labor market on conflicts of interest and public decisions. We identify two factors of sclerosis. First, the existence of rents increases the political support for protective policies that block changes having allocative consequences in the labor market. Second, collective action and government intervention tend to substitute themselves for the (misfunctioning) labour market. Cet article s’intéresse aux conséquences du fonctionnement du marché du travail sur les conflits d’intérêt et les décisions publiques. On montre que deux facteurs de sclérose sont présents. D’une part, l’existence de rentes tend à accroître la popularité de mesures protectives visant à freiner tout changement impliquant une réallocation de l’emploi; d’autre part, l’action collective et l’intervention publique tendent à se substituer au marché du travail.

Suggested Citation

  • Saint-Paul, Gilles, 1998. "Le chômage favorise-t-il les réformes ou est-il un facteur de sclérose?," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 74(4), pages 621-631, décembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:74:y:1998:i:4:p:621-631

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