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Indicadores sociales de las unidades productivas para el desarrollo rural en Argentina

  • Tomás Loewy

    ()

    (INTA Estación Experimental Agropecuaria (EEA) Bordenave, Argentina)

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    Hacia fines de los años 70, como respuesta a las externalidades negativas detectadas en la llamada “revolución verde”, se instaló el paradigma de agricultura sustentable. En lo social, no es factible evaluar indicadores sin la referencia a una estrategia de desarrollo local y nacional. Los objetivos del trabajo incluyen, a) Recrear criterios y contenidos sociales en el medio rural, b) Analizar atributos de unidades productivas, que respondan a esos valores, c) Seleccionar indicadores relevantes para ponderar dichas unidades, y d) Asociar un perfil de ruralidad con el Desarrollo. Se postulan 6 premisas que deben coexistir en un sistema de producción sustentable: equidad social, estabilidad productiva, ética productiva, eficiencia ambiental, eficiencia espacial y eficiencia agronómica. Se proponen 8 indicadores para evaluar sistemas productivos, en merito a su aporte relativo al desarrollo rural. Entre ellos se destacan el Tamaño, la Tenencia y Residencia, como índices “estructurantes” del conjunto. Se concluye que la pequeña y mediana Agricultura Familiar, reúne la mayor cantidad de atributos para tutelar una Nueva Ruralidad.

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    Article provided by Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica in its journal Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica.

    Volume (Year): 9 (2008)
    Issue (Month): (Diciembre)
    Pages: 75-85

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    Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev9_06
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    Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Edifici C, Campus UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

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    1. Gallopín, Gilberto C., 2004. "La sostenibilidad ambiental del desarrollo en Argentina: tres futuros," Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo 91, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. Gordillo de Anda, Gustavo, 2004. "Seguridad alimentaria y agricultura familiar," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
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