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Los conflictos ecológico-distributivos y los indicadores de sustentabilidad

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  • Joan Martínez-Alier

    () (Departament d'Economia i Història Econòmica, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

Este artículo presenta una tipología de conflictos acerca del uso de recursos naturales y de la contaminación. Llamamos Ecología Política al estudio de esos conflictos ecológico-distributivos. Los actores de tales conflictos usan diversos lenguajes de valoración. Por ejemplo, pueden argumentar que quieren lograr una compensación monetaria equivalente a los daños ambientales sufridos pero también pueden decir que el territorio en cuestión es sagrado o pueden apelar a la defensa de los derechos humanos o de los derechos colectivos indígenas, o pueden insistir en valores ecológicos que no pueden ser realmente expresados en dinero. La Economía Ecológica estudia las relaciones entre el crecimiento económico y el medio natural. Desde el punto de vista de la sustentabilidad "fuerte", eso requiere usar indicadores físicos como la HANPP o la Contabilidad de Flujos de Materiales. Este artículo tiene la intención de mostrar que los conflictos ecológico-distributivos pueden ser explicados e incluso previstos por esos indicadores físicos de (in)sustentabilidad.

Suggested Citation

  • Joan Martínez-Alier, 2004. "Los conflictos ecológico-distributivos y los indicadores de sustentabilidad," Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, vol. 1, pages 21-30.
  • Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:articulo7
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    References listed on IDEAS

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