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El contenido factorial del comercio en España: análisis desde el ámbito regional

  • Andrés Artal

    (Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena)

  • Juana Castillo

    (Universidad de Valencia)

  • Francisco Requena

    (Universidad de Valencia)

Este trabajo analiza el funcionamiento del modelo Heckscher-Ohlin- Vanek (HOV) aplicando la metodología de Leamer (1980) en un contexto regional. Para ello se desarrolla el contraste completo para el comercio total, interregional e internacional, de las regiones españolas en 1995. La evidencia empírica muestra que dicha propuesta metodológica funciona mejor que la de Bowen et al. (1987) al contrastar la ecuación de Vanek para una partición del vector de comercio total. La relajación del supuesto de identidad tecnológica mundial no mejora los resultados para el comercio interregional ni tampoco con los países de la OCDE, si bien existe una mejora en los resultados cuando dicho supuesto se relaja para el comercio internacional y en especial con el grupo de países no-OCDE. Estos resultados son consistentes con el cumplimiento de los supuestos básicos del modelo HOV y explican los resultados contradictorios (existencia o no de “paradoja de Leontief”) presentes en la literatura empírica del modelo de proporciones factoriales para España.

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Article provided by Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Estructura Economica y Economia Publica in its journal Revista de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 17 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 (Winter)
Pages: 103-139

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Handle: RePEc:rev:reveca:v:17:y:2009:i:3:p:103-139
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