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El federalismo y la fiscalidad del Estado Soberano de Panamá, 1850-1886

Author

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  • Salomón Kalmanovitz

Abstract

La historia económica de Panamá durante el siglo XIX es bastante desconocida en Colombia y la de sus cuentas fiscales es un laberinto difícil de entender. Esta investigación enfrenta ambos problemas, recurriendo a la demografía, a la geografía y a los presupuestos del Estado Soberano de Panamá. Se plantea, además, que el sistema federal de 1855 y 1886 constituyó un modus vivendi aceptable para los dirigentes del istmo. Los intereses estratégicos de Panamá se vieron comprometidos por el centralismo que se consolidó con la Constitución de 1886. El reparto inequitativo de la renta del ferrocarril entre Bogotá y Panamá, el fracaso en la construcción del canal interoceánico, la Guerra de los Mil Días que ganaron los conservadores, y la negación del tratado Herrán-Hay se conjugaron para que las élites panameñas abandonaran a Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • Salomón Kalmanovitz, 2012. "El federalismo y la fiscalidad del Estado Soberano de Panamá, 1850-1886," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 14(27), pages 99-145, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:14:y:2012:i:27:p:99-145
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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/skalmanovitz27.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. José Joaquín Pinto Bernal, 2014. "Fiscalidad e independencia en Panamá, 1780-1845," TIEMPO & ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE BOGOTA JORGE TADEO LOZANO, vol. 1(1), pages 11-37, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    federalismo; fiscalidad; Panamá; historia económica;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N76 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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