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El federalismo y la fiscalidad del Estado Soberano de Panamá, 1850-1886

  • Salomón Kalmanovitz

La historia económica de Panamá durante el siglo XIX es bastante desconocida en Colombia y la de sus cuentas fiscales es un laberinto difícil de entender. Esta investigación enfrenta ambos problemas, recurriendo a la demografía, a la geografía y a los presupuestos del Estado Soberano de Panamá. Se plantea, además, que el sistema federal de 1855 y 1886 constituyó un modus vivendi aceptable para los dirigentes del istmo. Los intereses estratégicos de Panamá se vieron comprometidos por el centralismo que se consolidó con la Constitución de 1886. El reparto inequitativo de la renta del ferrocarril entre Bogotá y Panamá, el fracaso en la construcción del canal interoceánico, la Guerra de los Mil Días que ganaron los conservadores, y la negación del tratado Herrán-Hay se conjugaron para que las élites panameñas abandonaran a Colombia.

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File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/skalmanovitz27.pdf
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Article provided by Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía in its journal Revista de Economía Institucional.

Volume (Year): 14 (2012)
Issue (Month): 27 (July-December)
Pages: 99-145

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Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:14:y:2012:i:27:p:99-145
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