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Tourism-Related Impacts on Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: Implications for Tourism Management on Mountain Ecosystems

Author

Listed:
  • James WAKIBARA

    (Tanzania National Parks, Arusha (Tanzania))

  • Kimaro NDESARI

    (Pangani Basin Water Organization, Arusha (Tanzania))

  • Nyamakumbati MAFURU

    (Tanzania National Parks, Arusha (Tanzania))

Abstract

Waste disposal, trail erosion, water contamination and porter head loads were investigated on Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, from 2003-2005. Generated waste was identified and quantified, trail erosion measured, water sources examined for colifom contamination and head loads for Porters re-weighed against official limits. Waste on trails comprised mainly of fluffy items. Trail erosion was directly related to hiking pressure whereas water was contaminated mainly at lower elevation. Porters removed up to 98% of waste from the mountain but carried excessive luggage of up to 15.1Kg. These results are discussed in view of tourism impact management on this and other mountainous destinations.

Suggested Citation

  • James WAKIBARA & Kimaro NDESARI & Nyamakumbati MAFURU, 2009. "Tourism-Related Impacts on Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: Implications for Tourism Management on Mountain Ecosystems," Journal of Tourism Challenges and Trends, Romanian-American University, vol. 2(1), pages 111-123, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:rau:jurtct:v:2:y:2009:i:1:p:111-123
    as

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