IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Tourism-Related Impacts on Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: Implications for Tourism Management on Mountain Ecosystems


  • James WAKIBARA

    (Tanzania National Parks, Arusha (Tanzania))

  • Kimaro NDESARI

    (Pangani Basin Water Organization, Arusha (Tanzania))

  • Nyamakumbati MAFURU

    (Tanzania National Parks, Arusha (Tanzania))


Waste disposal, trail erosion, water contamination and porter head loads were investigated on Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, from 2003-2005. Generated waste was identified and quantified, trail erosion measured, water sources examined for colifom contamination and head loads for Porters re-weighed against official limits. Waste on trails comprised mainly of fluffy items. Trail erosion was directly related to hiking pressure whereas water was contaminated mainly at lower elevation. Porters removed up to 98% of waste from the mountain but carried excessive luggage of up to 15.1Kg. These results are discussed in view of tourism impact management on this and other mountainous destinations.

Suggested Citation

  • James WAKIBARA & Kimaro NDESARI & Nyamakumbati MAFURU, 2009. "Tourism-Related Impacts on Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: Implications for Tourism Management on Mountain Ecosystems," Journal of Tourism Challenges and Trends, Romanian-American University, vol. 2(1), pages 111-123, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:rau:jurtct:v:2:y:2009:i:1:p:111-123

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rau:jurtct:v:2:y:2009:i:1:p:111-123. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Alex Tabusca). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.