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Compacidad en celdas aplicada al diseno de zonas electorales

Author

Listed:
  • Eric Rincon Garcia

    () (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico)

  • Miguel Angel Gutierrez Andrade

    (Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa)

Abstract

El diseno de zonas electorales es un problema que busca garantizar la democracia mediante la aplicacion de condiciones tales como: equilibrio poblacional, conexidad y compacidad geometrica. En este articulo se propone el uso de una nueva medida de compacidad geometrica, que mide la calidad de las zonas electorales construidas mediante una malla formada con celdas cuadradas. Para determinar su eficiencia se diseno una metodologia que permite obtener mallas tan pequenas como el estudio lo requiera. Finalmente se eligio un caso de estudio, cuya configuracion topografica provoca que algunas medidas de compacidad tradicionales den resultados de calidad muy pobre y, debido a la complejidad computacional del problema, se diseno un algoritmo basado en recocido simulado. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la nueva medida favorece la creacion de zonas con formas rectas y evita las figuras retorcidas o dispersas, dando como resultado zonas de muy buena calidad.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric Rincon Garcia & Miguel Angel Gutierrez Andrade, 2009. "Compacidad en celdas aplicada al diseno de zonas electorales," EconoQuantum, Revista de Economia y Negocios, Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas, Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Maestria en Economia., vol. 5(2), pages 73-96, Enero-Jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:qua:journl:v:5:y:2009:i:2:p:73-96
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regionalizacion; distritacion electoral; representacion ciudadana; geografia electoral; elecciones; gerrymandering; optimizacion.;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques

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