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La jeunesse dans quatre pays d'Europe

  • Cellule de sociologie
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    [eng] In advanced industrialized countries, youth is being constituted in a age category intermediate between schooling and stable professional and family life. Although this trend is common to ail countries, there is a considerable diversity in the way in which youth is lived in each country. The English young people leave early the family to be established in couple and some to have children. With the difference of the French, they do not trust their studies to find an employment, they seek to be engaged as soon as possible. The French leave the family to be established individually and wait the end of their youth to be established in stable couple; while the Italians remain in their parents very tardily and only leave them to marry and to have a child. The system of German dual training is today in great difficulty, because of the transformations of the productive systems. JEL Code : J12 [fre] Dans tous les pays industriels avancés, la jeunesse s'est constituée en une catégorie d'âge intermédiaire entre la scolarité et l'entrée dans la stabilité de la vie professionnelle et familiale. Cette période s'est allongée et institutionnalisée au cours des dix dernières années. Cette tendance commune n'empêche qu'il y ait une diversité considérable dans la façon dont la jeunesse est vécue dans chaque pays. Les textes qui suivent font ressortir ces contrastes : les Anglais quittent le foyer familial pour s'établir tôt en couple et avoir des enfants. A la différence des Français, ils ne font pas confiance à leurs études pour trouver un emploi, ils cherchent à s'embaucher le plus tôt possible. Les Français quittent le foyer familial pour s'établir individuellement et attendent pour s'établir en couple stable la fin de leur jeunesse; tandis que les Italiens demeurent chez leurs parents très tardivement et ne les quittent que pour se marier et avoir un enfant. Le système d'apprentissage dual allemand, qui a servi d'exemple aux autres pays européens, se trouve aujourd'hui en grande difficulté, du fait de la diversification croissante des métiers et de la rapidité des transformations des systèmes productifs due à la mondialisation.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

    Volume (Year): 72 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 185-186

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_2000_num_72_1_1576
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.2000.1576
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