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Currency board et stabilité macroéconomique : le cas de la Bulgarie


  • Roumen Avramov


[eng] The paper reviews basic features of the currency board arrangement (CBA) as a monetary system and the peculiarities of the Bulgarian model. The impact of the CBA on different institutional sectors and on the remonetization of the economy is commented. The external vulnerability of the CBA is assessed. What is left for the central bank is discussed: it is argued that, paradoxically, a greater autonomy is attained at the cost of the amputation of several « classical » functions of the monetary authority. The paper discusses two possible « exit strategies » from a CBA : a return to exchange rate flexibility and a full fledges central bank ; a monetary union. It is argued that for Bulgaria, the natural way-out is to adopt the Euro at the moment of the admission to the EU, by skipping the ERM-II phase.. JEL Code : E58 [fre] Ce texte examine les caractéristiques du système monétaire de currency board et les particularités du modèle bulgare, introduit en juillet 1997. Son impact sur les secteurs institutionnels et sur la remonétisation de l'économie est commentée. Sa vulnérabilité est évaluée. Ce qui demeure du rôle de la banque centrale dans un système de currency board est discuté : on montre que, paradoxalement, une plus grande autonomie est le pendant de la disparition des plusieurs fonctions « classiques » de l'autorité monétaire. Le texte analyse deux stratégies de sortie du currency board : d'une part le retour à la flexibilité des taux de change et à une banque centrale à part entière; d'autre part une union monétaire. Il est montré que pour la Bulgarie, qui est candidate à l'adhésion à l'Union européenne, la sortie naturelle du currency board est d'adopter l'euro dès son accession, en omettant la phase II du SME.

Suggested Citation

  • Roumen Avramov, 2000. "Currency board et stabilité macroéconomique : le cas de la Bulgarie," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 72(1), pages 71-98.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_2000_num_72_1_1570
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.2000.1570

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Favero, Carlo A & Giavazzi, Francesco & Spaventa, Luigi, 1997. "High Yields: The Spread on German Interest Rates," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(443), pages 956-985, July.
    2. Angeloni, I. & Violi, R., 1997. "Long-Term Interest Rate Convergence in Europe and the Probability of EMU," Papers 322, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
    3. Eichengreen, Barry & Portes, Richard, 1986. "The Anatomy of Financial Crises," CEPR Discussion Papers 130, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Jan J.G. Lemmen & Charles A.E. Goodhart, 1999. "Credit Risks and European Government Bond Markets: A Panel Data Econometric Analysis," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 25(1), pages 77-107, Winter.
    5. Bayoumi, Tamim & Goldstein, Morris & Woglom, Geoffrey, 1995. "Do Credit Markets Discipline Sovereign Borrowers? Evidence from the U.S. States," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(4), pages 1046-1059, November.
    6. Robert N. McCauley & William R. White, 1997. "The Euro and European financial markets," BIS Working Papers 41, Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Bayoumi, Tamim & Goldstein, Morris & Woglom, Geoffrey, 1995. "Do Credit Markets Discipline Sovereign Borrowers? Evidence from US States," CEPR Discussion Papers 1088, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guergana Stanoeva, 2004. "Les caisses d’émission des Pays Baltes et de la Bulgarie : la recherche d’une crédibilité renforcée," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 75(2), pages 85-112.

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    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies


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