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Homogénéisation ou diversification des systèmes de valeurs en Europe occidentale

  • Henri Mendras
  • Cellule de sociologie
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    [eng] Convergence and Divergence of System of Values in Western Europe Henri Mendras The diversity of cultures in Western Europe does not seem to converge. The main contrasts between North and South are not decreasing, but on the other hand, the opinion and attitude studies are showing similar trends all over Europe. How is it possible to reconcile these two points of view? The increasing of post-materialist values is different in traditional Catholic countries and Protestant ones. The study of social capital shows also that trust among individuals is progressing, but the networks are not on the same structure in different countries. JEL code : Z10 [fre] Le fonds commun de valeurs qui fait l'unité et l'originalité de la civilisation d'Europe occidentale est en évolution. Cependant, la diversité des cultures nationales, régionales et de classes ne paraît pas s'atténuer. Deux courants d'étude se sont développés récemment, qui permettent de regarder cette contradiction d'un œil neuf. D'un côté les études de valeurs fondées sur des sondages comparatifs décèlent dans tous les pays une évolution des valeurs traditionnelles (matérialistes) vers des valeurs hédonistes (postmatérialistes). D'un autre côté, l'étude des réseaux sociaux et de la confiance interindividuelle souligne des contrastes forts et permanents, qui expliquent les différentes formes de capitalisme et d'État-providence et des différences entre l'Europe et l'Amérique du Nord.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/ofce.1999.1563
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

    Volume (Year): 71 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 299-311

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1999_num_71_1_1563
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1999.1563
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ofce

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