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Durée du travail et performances comparées des marchés du travail de l'OCDE

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  • Olivier Passet

Abstract

[eng] Hours of work and labour market performance in OECD countries Olivier Passet This study compares three different methods for measuring weekly hours of work among 21 OECD countries. More often, the results are closed and allow, by cross-checking, a synthetic ranking. The comparisons of the rankings carried out from different methods with some labour market indicators (unemployment rate on the one hand, employment rate on the other hand) don't yield a simple relation between hours of work and labour market performances. However extreme positions (short or long working duration) appear more favourable concerning unemployment than intermediary ones. In addition, short duration or long average duration mixed to widespread individual time agreements generally fit with highest employment rates than homogeneous long duration. [fre] Cette étude propose différentes mesures de la durée du travail selon des méthodes homogènes. Ces dernières permettent, par recoupement, de réduire l'incertitude des classements parmi 21 pays de l'OCDE. Leur rapprochement avec les indicateurs de performance du marché du travail ne débouche pas sur une relation simple entre durée du travail d'une part, taux de chômage ou d'emploi d'autre part. Cette comparaison indique, en général, un avantage aux situations extrêmes (forte ou faible durée du travail) en matière de chômage, tandis que les positions peu typées seraient les moins favorables. Elle permet aussi d'établir une typologie entre pays à durée faible, pays à durée forte mais répartie de façon hétérogène entre individus, et pays à durée forte et homogène, la prime en matière d'emploi et de chômage allant aux deux premiers cas.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Passet, 1998. "Durée du travail et performances comparées des marchés du travail de l'OCDE," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 66(1), pages 61-93.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1998_num_66_1_1509 Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1998.1509
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    1. Monique Fouet, 1993. "Les trois Europes - Populations et comportements macro-économiques," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 43(1), pages 21-67.
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