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Le marché du travail en Europe

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  • Gérard Cornilleau

Abstract

[eng] Labour Markets in Europe . Are European labour markets converging? A number of long-run national labour market trends are very similar: high levels of unemployment since the first oil schock; a steady increase of the number of women and white collar-workers engaged in the labour force; a steady decrease of the unionization rate; etc. However, labour mobility between European countries is still very low and is unlikely to increase. In the future, the integration of European goods and capital markets, combined with the segmentation of national labour markets, could lead to a concentration of unemployment in the weakest regions. Specific action will be needed to overcome regional disequilibrium. [fre] Peut-on parler en 1992 d'un marché du travail européen ?Les évolutions de longue période font apparaître des similitudes importantes : développement d'un fort chômage structurel depuis le premier choc pétrolier, féminisation et tertiarisation de la population active, recul de la syndicalisation, .... Toutefois, la mobilité de la main-d'œuvre entre les pays de la Communauté reste très faible. Pour l'avenir, l'intégration de plus en plus poussée des marchés des biens et du capital, associée au maintien du cloisonnement des marchés nationaux est un facteur de polarisation du chômage dans les régions les plus fragiles. Une action volontaire visant à réduire les déséquilibres régionaux qui pourraient se développer, est sans doute indispensable à long terme.

Suggested Citation

  • Gérard Cornilleau, 1993. "Le marché du travail en Europe," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 43(1), pages 169-181.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1993_num_43_1_1302
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1993.1302
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