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Les créations d'associations : un indicateur de changement social

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  • Michel Forsé

Abstract

[fre] En se centrant sur les créations d'associations, cet article se veut une étape dans la recherche des liens entre mouvement associatif et changement social. Grâce à des données statistiques élaborées à l'OFCE à partir des déclarations au Journal Officiel pour les années 1937, 1960, 1977 et 1982, il montre les évolutions des flux d'associations créées dans le temps, dans l'espace et selon leurs divers types. La croissance importante de ces flux depuis les années 60-70, où la diversité des types se maintient (ce qui infirme la thèse d'une culture commune au mouvement associatif), est expliquée par deux séries de causes : la relocalisation de la société française et la modification de la stratification sociale, notamment par la multiplication des strates intermédiaires. Des questions restent posées pour qui veut décrire un phénomène que l'on connaît encore mal, notamment quant à son stock et quant à ses formes ; mais l'on peut d'ores et déjà affirmer, à l'issue de cette étude, que les créations d'associations représentent un indicateur précieux de changement social. [eng] Centered on the problem of the creation of associations, this article is intended to be a stage in the research on links between associative movement and social change. Thanks to the statistical data developed by the OFCE from the statements of the Official Journal for the years 1937, 1960, 1977, and 1982, we will be able to show the evolution of flows in time, space and according to various types of associations. The significant growth of these flows since the period 1960-1970, when the diversity of types remained the same (invalidating the thesis of a culture common to associative movement), is explained by two series of causes : the relocation of French society and the modification of social stratification, notably by the multiplication of intermediary strata. Other questions are raised by the description of a phenomenon still not very well understood, above all concerning its stock and its forms. But it may certainly be affirmed already, as a result of this study, that the creation of associations represents a precious indicator of social change.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Forsé, 1984. "Les créations d'associations : un indicateur de changement social," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 6(1), pages 125-145.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1984_num_6_1_972
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1984.972
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    1. Yannick Lemel & Catherine Paradeise, 1974. "Appartenance et participation à des associations," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 55(1), pages 41-46.
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