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Intégration économique, niveau de développement et compensation équitable

  • Salif Kone
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    [fre] L’objectif de cet article est d’étudier la nature de la relation existant entre le niveau de développement des pays partenaires d’une intégration économique et les mécanismes de compensation équitable des processus de celle-ci. Les analyses, fondées sur le modèle de dotation factorielle de VENABLES (1999 et 2000), mettent en avant le concept d’externalité de production. Elles ont permis d’établir deux principaux résultats. D’une part, dans tout processus d’intégration économique, les mécanismes de compensation équitable ne peuvent être de forme simple quelle que soit la nature des pays partenaires. D’autre part, la faisabilité de tels mécanismes est liée au niveau des partenaires. Toutefois, ce dernier résultat a nécessité l’introduction de l’hypothèse de causalité circulaire et cumulative, dans l’optique de la nouvelle géographie économique. [eng] The objective of this paper is to study the nature of the relation that exists between the level of development of countries partners of an economic integration and mechanisms of equitable compensation of processes of this one. Analyses based on the model of factorial endowment of VENABLES (1999 and 2000) put the concept of production externalities forward. They permitted to establish two main results. On the one hand, in all economic integration process, mechanisms of equitable compensation can be simple shape whatever is the nature of countries partners. On the other hand, the mechanism feasibility is bound to levels of partners. However, this last result required the introduction of the circular and cumulative causality hypothesis in the optics of the new economic geography.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Tiers-Monde.

    Volume (Year): 47 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 188 ()
    Pages: 883-905

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rtiers:tiers_1293-8882_2006_num_47_188_6467
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