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Économie administrée, corruption et engrenage de la violence en Algérie

  • Fatiha Talahite

[eng] Fatiha TALAHITE — Administrated economy, corruption and the build up of violence en Algeria. After a critical examination of theories which attribute corruption to oil revenues and to the rental functioning of the economy or of the State, or to the neo-patrimonial nature of power, the author prefers to focus the analysis on the administrated economy. She shows how colonization and, later, the socialist option caused a large disorder in property rights, making corruption an elusive and expansive phenomenon. The reforms engaged since the mid 80s and aimed at liberalization have proven ineffective since the legal framework of transactions is neither clearly defined nor protected by law. But this comes up against a conflict which stakes is the legitimacy of the institutions and of the legal system prevailing in Algeria. [fre] Après un examen critique des théories qui attribuent la corruption, à la rente pétrolière et au fonctionnement rentier de l'économie ou de l'État, ou encore à la nature néo-patrimoniale du pouvoir, l'auteur préfère centrer son analyse sur le caractère administré de l'économie. Elle montre comment la colonisation, puis l'option socialiste, ont entraîné un grand désordre en matière de droits de propriété, faisant de la corruption un phénomène insaisissable et en expansion. Engagées dès le milieu des années 1980, les réformes visant à libéraliser l'économie sont impuissantes à l'enrayer, tant que la légalité des transactions n'est pas nettement définie et protégée par la loi. Or, ce processus bute sur un conflit qui a pour enjeu la légitimité des institutions et du système juridique en vigueur en Algérie.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Tiers-Monde.

Volume (Year): 41 (2000)
Issue (Month): 161 ()
Pages: 49-74

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rtiers:tiers_1293-8882_2000_num_41_161_1050
Note: DOI:10.3406/tiers.2000.1050
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