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Evaluation environnementale de l'ouverture du marché de l'électricité

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  • Dominique Bureau
  • Sylvie Scherrer

Abstract

[eng] External costs contribute for an essential part to the total costs of the electricity industry. Without a correct internalisation of these external costs, electricity market liberalisation may increase environmental damages. Indeed, the operating companies are likely to focus even more on the minimisation of the costs they bear. However, this is not a sufficient argument against liberalisation per se, but rather an argument for implementing adapted environmental policies. They are urgent needs in order to withdraw all the benefits of the forthcoming restructuring of this industry. The right level of these policies is often the European one. Moreover, the Californian crisis shows that imperfections in environmental policies might deepen those in the sectoral competition regulation. Implementing effective and consistent regulations is hence a real challenge. The regulation authorities and the political power have to respond to this challenge. [fre] Les coûts externes constituent un élément essentiel des coûts du système électrique. En l'absence d'internalisation satisfaisante de ceux-ci, la libéralisation de ce marché peut accroître les atteintes à l'environnement compte tenu de la focalisation accrue des opérateurs sur la minimisation des coûts qu'ils supportent. Ce constat n'est cependant pas un argument contre la libéralisation en soi, mais plutôt pour mettre en place les politiques environnementales appropriées. Celles-ci sont urgentes pour tirer pleinement les bénéfices des restructurations à venir de cette industrie ; et leur bon niveau est souvent européen. La crise californienne montre par ailleurs que des imperfections des politiques environnementales peuvent exacerber celles de la régulation concurrentielle du secteur. Etablir des régulations efficaces et cohérentes est donc un véritable défi auquel sont confrontés les autorités de régulation et les pouvoirs publics.

Suggested Citation

  • Dominique Bureau & Sylvie Scherrer, 2003. "Evaluation environnementale de l'ouverture du marché de l'électricité," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 17(4), pages 131-167.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2003_num_17_4_1474
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2003.1474
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