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Une politique économique au service de l'emploi

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  • Jean-Pierre Raffarin

Abstract

[fre] Notre capacité à croître de manière durable au cours des prochaines années, tout en faisant reculer le chômage et l'exclusion sociale, dépendra beaucoup de la qualité de nos réformes et de nos politiques structurelles. Dans cette perspective, le gouvernement a déjà pris des mesures fortes pour mobiliser toutes nos réserves de croissance : nos ressources humaines ; notre potentiel technologique ; les gisements d'efficacité de notre sphère publique. La politique de croissance durable s'inscrit à rebours des politiques de compression des salaires ou de partage du travail menées jusqu'à présent. C'est pourquoi les baisses de prélèvements, qui valorisent le travail et confortent le pouvoir d'achat, occupent une place centrale dans notre stratégie et seront poursuivies. La mauvaise passe que nous traversons, en réduisant le nombre des créations d'emplois, nous conduit à intensifier nos efforts en faveur de l'emploi en entreprise et de l'engagement dans la vie sociale. Le retour au plein emploi reste une perspective crédible dans la durée, pour peu que nous soyons en mesure de mobiliser toute la palette des instruments de politique économique et structurelle à notre disposition. Le retour au plein emploi ne dépendra pas seulement des politiques de l'emploi mais plus fondamentalement de la qualité de nos politiques macro-économiques, de nos réformes fondamentales et de notre dialogue social. [eng] Lifting sustainable growth over the coming years, while combating unemployment and social exclusion, will mainly depend on the quality of structural reforms and policies. In this context, the Government has already taken decisive measures to mobilise our growth reserves : human resources, technological opportunities and efficiency gains in the public sector. Lifting sustainable growth is at odds with previous policies aimed at restrai- ning wages ad sharing jobs. This is why tax cuts, aimed at rewarding work, while boosting Households purchasing power, will be pursued. Slow growth and lower job creations lead us to intensify our efforts to promote jobs in the private sector and social integration. Full employment remains a realistic perspective over the medium run, provided that all macro and structural policies are firmly committed to promote job creations. Achieving full employment will not only depend on labour market policy, but also on the quality of macro policies, structural reforms and of the social dialogue.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Pierre Raffarin, 2003. "Une politique économique au service de l'emploi," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 17(4), pages 3-19.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2003_num_17_4_1471
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2003.1471
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