IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/prs/rfreco/rfeco_0769-0479_1997_num_12_3_1028.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Quels « dividendes de la paix » pour la France ?

Author

Listed:
  • Alain Quinet

Abstract

[fre] La baisse des dépenses militaires mondiales en part deP.I.В . observée depuis la fin des années quatre-vingt est d'ampleur très inégale selon les pays : forte aux Etats-Unis et dans les pays de l'ex-U.R.S.S., sensiblement plus faible en Europe de l'Ouest. Cette baisse des dépenses militaires bénéficie avant tout aux pays qui, comme les Etats-Unis, ont pu réduire leur déficit budgétaire, ainsi qu'aux pays qui ne disposent pas d'industrie militaire. Ceux-ci profitent pleinement de la baisse du taux d'intérêt « mondial » liée à la résorption des déficits publics et d'une augmentation du commerce civil. Dans le cas de la France, ces gains macro-économiques risquent d'être occultés dans l'immédiat par l'effort de rationalisation qui s'impose à notre outil de défense. L'adaptation de l'industrie de défense s'organise autour de trois axes dont on montre l'intérêt et les limites : maintenir un effort de recherche tout en favorisant les retombées vers la sphère civile ; faciliter la conversion des entreprises d'armement ; encourager les coopérations à l'échelle européenne. [eng] Military spending fell markedly as a share of G.D.P. in the United States and in the former Soviet Union since the late 80s. Western Europe by contrast had a more modest decline. Worldwide military spending cuts lead to substantial gains for countries, such as the United States, which small military sectors. These countries benefit from lowered interest rates associated with public deficit reductions and from shirts in demand for civilian products. In the case of France, these macroeconomic gains may be masked in the short run by the need to rationalise our defense industry. The scope for adapting our defense industry can be analysed along three lines : maintaining research and development programs while enhancing spinoffs to civilian production ; facilitating the conversion of military-oriented firms ; favoring cooperations at the European level.

Suggested Citation

  • Alain Quinet, 1997. "Quels « dividendes de la paix » pour la France ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 12(3), pages 101-120.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1997_num_12_3_1028
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1997.1028
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.1997.1028
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.persee.fr/doc/rfeco_0769-0479_1997_num_12_3_1028
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1997_num_12_3_1028. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: https://www.persee.fr/collection/rfeco .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.