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Le recyclage des déchets : approche économique d'une activité nouvelle

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  • Marie-Véronique Henry-Wittmann

Abstract

[fre] Le recyclage est la transformation, en vue de leur réutilisation, de produits naturels ou de biens ayant déjà été utilisés. C'est une activité qui offre aux économistes un sujet de réflexion relativement nouveau dans la mesure où elle permet de poser en des termes différents le problème du rapport entre la consommation et les ressources et remet en cause, du moins partiellement, la notion de ressource non renouvelable. Le recyclage s'inscrit aussi dans le cadre d'un nouveau modèle de croissance, soucieux de préserver l'environnement. La première partie de cet article analyse les raisons qui font du recyclage une activité à la fois économique et écologique, les obstacles susceptibles de freiner son essor et décrit ses principaux aspects, à partir de l'exemple français. La seconde partie reprend les analyses qui en ont été faites, envisage une classification des ressources naturelles tenant compte de la possibilité ou non de les recycler et compare les coûts de production partir de la matière vierge et à partir de matière recyclée pour tenter de définir un « optimum de recyclage ». [eng] Recycling can be defined as the transformation of goods or natural resources which have been used into other goods. The subject of recycling in relatively new for economists. It allows them to set out differently the problem of the relationship between consumption and resources. It challenges the notion of un-renewable resource. Recycling takes place otherwhise within the context of a new model of growth caring about environment. The first part of this paper considers the reasons why recycling is both an economic activity and an ecological activity and describes its aspects since the french example. Obstacles abled to slow down its growth are also analysed. After considering previous analyses, the second part viewes a classifica- tion of natural resources taken into account the possibility of recycling. Production costs are compared for production since virgin materials or since recycling materials, so as to be able to define an « optimum of ».

Suggested Citation

  • Marie-Véronique Henry-Wittmann, 1996. "Le recyclage des déchets : approche économique d'une activité nouvelle," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 11(3), pages 165-191.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1996_num_11_3_1101
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1996.1101
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