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Dépenses militaires et contraintes économiques (1971-1995)

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  • Valérie Lelievre

Abstract

[eng] This paper analyses the impact of budgetary constraints on military spending, in France since 1971. An indicator of the budgetary pressure is calculed and permit to conclude that military expenditures are never used by the government to increase the economic activity; on the other hand, when restrictions of budget are decided, defense is the first aimed; when budgetary pressure is neutral, civil budget increases to the detriment of defense budget. Lastly, until 1988, budgetary restrictions aim at first ordinary military spending and less hardly equipment spending. [fre] L'objet de cet article est de mettre en évidence le rôle majeur des contraintes budgétaires dans l'évolution des dépenses militaires françaises depuis 1971. Un indicateur d'impulsion budgétaire, construit et appliqué aux budgets de la France sur la période 1971-1995, permet d'établir quatre points essentiels de l'évolution du budget militaire français: les dépenses militaires n'ont jamais été utilisées par les pouvoirs publics comme instrument de relance de l'activité économique ; en revanche, lorsque des budgets restrictifs sont votés ou exécutés, les dépenses militaires sont les premières visées par les mesures d'économies budgétaires ; quant à la neutralité budgétaire, elle est, dans la plupart des cas, obtenue au prix d'un ralentissement des dépenses militaires; enfin, le gouvernement, soucieux de ne pas affaiblir la défense, a jusqu'en 1988 épargné les investissements militaires, et davantage fait peser les restrictions budgétaires sur les dépenses de fonctionnement.

Suggested Citation

  • Valérie Lelievre, 1996. "Dépenses militaires et contraintes économiques (1971-1995)," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 11(2), pages 65-86.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1996_num_11_2_1004
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1996.1004
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