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Etat-providence et efficacité économique

Listed author(s):
  • Henri-Jean Gathon
  • Pierre Pestieau

[eng] This paper assesses the relative efficiency of a number of components of the welfare state. It also tries to explain the efficiency slacks so observed. It appears that one of the main ways of fostering efficiency is to introduce flexibility in both management and organization and to allow for competition, where it is possible. These measures are often found to be more effective than mere privatization. [fre] L'objet de cet article est d'évaluer le degré d'inefficacité de diverses composantes de l'Etat-providence et d'expliquer les raisons des disparités qui peuvent apparaître. Nous indiquons que les inefficacités ainsi observées peuvent être résorbées, en partie en tout cas, en introduisant plus de flexibilité dans la gestion et l'organisation et, là où cela s'y prête, une certaine concurrence. Ces mesures nous paraissent plus performantes que le recours à la privatisation pour générer des gains d'efficacité et en quelque sorte refinancer de l'intérieur un Etat- providence qui en a bien besoin.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 11 (1996)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 29-43

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1996_num_11_2_1002
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1996.1002
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