IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Salaire minimal, faibles qualifications et chômage

  • Didier Maillard
Registered author(s):

    [fre] Le double choc du progrès technologique et de la globalisation de l'économie mondiale frappe particulièrement le travail non qualifié, et exerce une pression à la baisse sur les salaires correspondants. Cette pression est en elle-même un problème social, mais la contrarier en faisant jouer des salaires minimaux peut conduire à accroître le mal plutôt qu'à le soigner. Même si les arguments théoriques et les travaux empiriques ne concluent pas de manière univoque à un effet négatif des salaires minimaux sur l'emploi dans les activités existantes, il est probable qu'ils empêchent l'édosion de certaines activités et brouillent les signaux sur l'acquisition nécessaire de qualifications. Le problème est accru quand des dispositions légales prévoient des hausses automatiques et/ou irréversibles des minima salariaux, indépendamment de l'évolution de la productivité chez les moins qualifiés. [eng] The twin shocks of technological progress and economic globalisation particularly hit non-skilled workers, and give way to a downward pressure on corresponding wages. Such presssure is by itself a cause for social concern. However, trying to run against the tide through the implementation of minimum wages may well worsen rather than improve the picture. Even if theoretical arguments as well as empirical work do not point univocally towards a negative effect of minimum wages on employment in existing business, it is likely that they prevent the rise of various activities and distort the signals on the need to build skills. The problem is more acute when legal rules lead to automatic and/or irreversible increases in minimum wages, irrespective of the productivity moves amongst the low skilled.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

    Volume (Year): 9 (1994)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 35-44

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1994_num_9_4_965
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1994.965
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1994_num_9_4_965. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.