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Fécondité et revenu-seuil

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  • Marie-Véronique Wittmann

Abstract

[fre] II existe en France une politique familiale qui correspond à un double objectif de redistribution des revenus et d'encouragement à la natalité. Pour rechercher si les aides financières accordées aux familles exercent un effet sur la fécondité, on a supposé qu'il existe, pour chaque ménage, un revenu au-dessous duquel un enfant peut être refusé pour des raisons économiques. Ce «revenu-seuil» résulte d'un arbitrage entre les aspirations matérielles du ménage et son désir d'avoir un enfant. Le revenu-seuil a été calculé à partir des données d'une enquête réalisée auprès d'un panel de ménages lorrains. La vérification empirique a montré que les ménages ayant eu un enfant supplémentaire disposaient du revenu-seuil et que le rôle de l'avantage familial varie dans le même sens que le rang de l'enfant et en sens inverse du revenu du ménage. [eng] The French family policy aims both to redistribute incomes and to favour births. To study the impact the family benefit could have on a couple's decision to have an additional child, we assumed the existence, for each household, of an «income-threshold»: after balancing its material aspira- tions against its desire of having a child, a couple decides of a particular level of income under which having a child would be unacceptable for economic reasons. The income threshold was calculated from the Lorraine Household Panel Study data. The experimental verification showed that couples who had an additional child were above their income threshold and that the family benefit's impact is connected with the child's rank and with the household's

Suggested Citation

  • Marie-Véronique Wittmann, 1993. "Fécondité et revenu-seuil," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 8(4), pages 121-145.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1993_num_8_4_942
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1993.942
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