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Où en est l'économie industrielle de la finance ?

  • Nadine Levratto

[fre] Cet article se propose de rendre compte de l'évolution récente de l'économie monétaire et financière qui, en ce qui concerne les notions employées, se révêle de plus en plus fortement influencée par les rapports réalisés dans le cadre de l'économie industrielle et l'économie de la technologie. Deux domaines d'études sont ici privilégiés. Le premier relève de l'analyse du fonctionnement des établissements de crédit au travers de la notion de firme bancaire, laquelle s'appuie essentiellement sur la détermination de fonctions de coût et de profit dédiées aux banques. Le second concerne les innovations financières dont l'analyse s'effectue par analogie avec les études sur l'émergence et la diffusion des innovations dans l'industrie. Les résultats de ces emprunts conceptuels sont évalués en relation avec l'hypothèse de spécificité de la monnaie, ce qui permet de rendre compte du caractère positif d'une telle démarche à condition que soit mis l'accent sur les caractéristiques propres des actifs monétaires. [eng] This paper attempts to describe the main characteristics of monetary and financial economics since recent researches undertaken into this field of analysis borrow several concepts initially used in papers dealing with industrial or technological economics. Two main theoretical and analytical orientations are discussed. On the one hand, some approaches consider banks as firms, so that profit and cost functions have to be determined in order to understand the way of functioning of such institutions. On the other hand, papers dealing with the question of financial innovations often enlighten this aspect of financial theory using lessons from studies concerned with the problem of emergence and diffusion of industrial innovations. The results of this methodology are appreciated keeping in mind the belief according to money is a specific asset. Such an assumption permits then to show that using notions developed in industrial economics is a positive way of reasoning since it induces a better understanding of financial and credit mechanisms; but this approach requires to put the accent on the own characteristics of monetary and financial assets.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 8 (1993)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 51-86

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1993_num_8_4_940
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1993.940
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