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Le commerce extérieur français des produits agro-alimentaires : l'avenir incertain

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  • Thierry Pouch

Abstract

[fre] La France est aujourd'hui le premier exportateur de produits agro-alimentaires de la C.E.E. et le second après les États-Unis. La confrontation entre ces deux géants agricoles dans le cadre du G.A.T.T. a connu de nombreux rebondissements, liés aux dynamiques de l'offre et de la demande sur les marchés mondiaux. De plus, la réforme de la P.A.C. de mai 1992 peut entraîner une moindre croissance des exportations françaises. Depuis le début de la décennie 80, la faiblesse de la demande des pays sous-développés comprime le volume des exportations françaises vers ces zones. Ces trois aspects sont susceptibles de remettre en cause la puissance exportatrice qu'est devenue l'agriculture française. Mais le véritable problème se situe surtout dans la crise actuelle que connaissent les économies de l'O.C.D.E. [eng] Today, France is the first exporter of farm products in the European Community and the second in the world after the United States. The confrontation between the United States and the E.C. over the international trade of agricultural products has gone through ups and downs, depending on the dynamics of supply and demand on world markets. The reform of the C.A.P. should result in a slower growth of French exports even if prices drop, contributing to an extension of the markets. Since the beginning of the 1980s, food consumption in the developing countries has shown a clear tendancy towards deceleration. At the same time, insolvent demand seems likely to rise further. It is therefore unlikely that French agricultural exports will dramatically increase. The main obstacle to a growth of French agricultural exports may be the recession in the O.E.C.D. countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Thierry Pouch, 1993. "Le commerce extérieur français des produits agro-alimentaires : l'avenir incertain," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 8(2), pages 75-107.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1993_num_8_2_929
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1993.929
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