IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/prs/rfreco/rfeco_0769-0479_1993_num_8_1_925.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

La technologie comme actif, de la firme portefeuille à la firme organisation

Author

Listed:
  • Thierry Kirat
  • Christian Le Bas

Abstract

[fre] Cet article fournit une revue critique de la littérature concernant la conception de la technologie sous-jacente aux différentes analyses économiques de la firme. Il est principalement centré sur le thème de la technologie comme actif. Deux approches théoriques sont décrites : celle qui considère la technologie comme un quasi- actif financier, et celle qui déploie une problématique dans laquelle la firme est conçue comme une organisation dont la structure, les frontières, et la croissance sont en partie déterminées par la technologie. Trois approches de la technologie comme quasi-actif financier sont discutées : la théorie du portefeuille, la théorie de la valeur d'option, l'analyse en termes de spéculation autour du brevet. La référence commune de ses approches est une conception de la technologie saisie comme information, alors que les approches alternatives sont plus sensibles à une conception de la technologie comme savoir tacite et spécifique. Dans ces dernières, les questions de la spécificité des actifs, des compétences et des activités de l'organisation, que les conceptions de la firme sont analysées eu égard leur capacité à fournir un cadrage pertinent des phénomènes d'irréversibilité propres à la dynamique sationnelle. In fine, plusieurs entre ces approches et la théorie la croissance endogène sont suggérées. [eng] The aim of this article is to provide a critical survey of literature dealing with the conception of technology in relation to different perspectives about the analytical construction of the firm. The article focuses on technology considered as an asset. Two main theoretical and analytical orientations are discussed. On the one hand, some approaches consider technology as a quasi-financial asset and, on the other hand, others provide an explanatory framework of the firm considered as an organisation which structures, borders, and dynamics are based on the structuring effects of technology. Three approaches of technology as a quasi-financial asset are reviewed and discussed: the theory of portofolio selection, the theory of option value, and the analysis in terms of patent-based game and speculative behaviour. The common scheme of these approaches is that they are grounded on a more or less explicit conception of technology as infor- mation, whereas alternative theoretical views are more sensitive to an approach of technology as specific, even tacit, knowledge. Within this latter general framework, such issues as asset specifity, capabilities and activities of discussed, and current contractualist conceptions of the firm are debated as regards their capacity to provide a relevant explanatory framework of phenomena as path-dependancy and irreversibility aspects of organisational dynamics. Lastly, several possible connections of the reviewed approaches to models of endegenous growth are suggested.

Suggested Citation

  • Thierry Kirat & Christian Le Bas, 1993. "La technologie comme actif, de la firme portefeuille à la firme organisation," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 8(1), pages 135-172.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1993_num_8_1_925
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1993.925
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.1993.925
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.persee.fr/doc/rfeco_0769-0479_1993_num_8_1_925
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1993_num_8_1_925. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: https://www.persee.fr/collection/rfeco .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.