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Le concept d'interdépendance des conjonctures nationales à la lumière de l'histoire économique

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  • Jean-François Vidal

Abstract

[fre] Cet article présente différentes définitions de l'interdépendance, qui sont ensuite discutées à la lumière de l'évolution de l'économie internationale depuis les années vingt. Il montre que les multiples transformations des économies nationales ont affecté la transmission des conjonctures de façon contradictoire, si bien qu'il n'est pas certain que celle-ci ait augmenté en longue période. Il montre également que les échanges de capitaux peuvent agir en sens contraire des échanges de marchandises et atténuer les répercussions internationales de la conjoncture de l'économie dominante. Enfin, il distingue la transmission internationale de la transmission mondiale. [eng] This paper presents various definitions of the interdependence, which are discussed in the light of the development of the international economy since the twenties. It shows that the multiple transformations of the national economies have had opposite effects on the international transmission of the business cycles, with the result that it is not sure that the transmission increased in the long run. It shows also that the capital flows can offset the effects of merchandise flows, and lessen the international repercussions of the cycle of the dominant economy. Lastly, it distinguishes between the international and the worldwide transmission.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-François Vidal, 1990. "Le concept d'interdépendance des conjonctures nationales à la lumière de l'histoire économique," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 5(3), pages 37-72.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1990_num_5_3_1256
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1990.1256
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