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Hongrie: Réformes et transition vers l'économie de marché

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  • Xavier Richet

Abstract

[eng] Hungary has experimented three models of planning before giving up socialism : a centralized model, imitating the soviet model, a decentralized one, of a O. Lange-type and a model of a mixed socialist economy combining planning and market mechanisms. Those three models have failed in overcoming the structural desequilibrium of the socialist economy. Following the abandonment of socialism, Hungary is now engaged in a transition towards a market economy. [fre] Les planificateurs hongrois ont expérimenté trois modèles de planification, le modèle centralisé, basé sur le modèle soviétique, le modèle décentralisé à la O. Lange, enfin un modèle d'économie socialiste mixte combinant éléments de planification et relations de marché. Ces modèles suc- cessifs n'ont pas pu réduire les dysfonctionnements de l'économie socialiste. Suite à l'abandon de toute référence au socialisme, la Hongrie est à présent engagée dans un processus de transition vers l'économie de marché.

Suggested Citation

  • Xavier Richet, 1990. "Hongrie: Réformes et transition vers l'économie de marché," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 5(1), pages 75-103.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1990_num_5_1_1244
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1990.1244
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    Cited by:

    1. Benoît Petit, 1993. "L'inévitable restructuration des coopératives agricoles (LPG) dans l'ex-RDA," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 214(1), pages 62-67.

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