IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Quels effets attendre de réformes permettant de cumuler emploi et aide sociale? Une évaluation sur données expérimentales américaines

Listed author(s):
  • Éric Maurin
  • Alisa Lewin

[fre] Quel est l'effet de réserver l'aide sociale aux familles touchées par le chômage ? Dans quelle mesure cela génère-t-il des « trappes à chômage », les personnes privées d'emploi n'ayant pas assez d'incitation à reprendre un travail ? Dans cet article, nous éclairons cette question à l'aide de données expérimentales américaines. Nos résultats sont très différents des principales évaluations économétriques existantes, très éloignés également des hypothèses à l'origine des réformes récentes des dispositifs d'aide sociale dans de nombreux pays occidentaux. Dans notre expérience, les familles du groupe expérimental (à qui l'on permet de cumuler aide sociale et emploi) ne retournent ni plus, ni moins vite au travail que les familles du groupe de contrôle. En revanche, les familles du groupe expérimental persistent davantage dans l'aide sociale : une proportion non négligeable sort en effet du chômage sans sortir de la pauvreté. L'effet des réformes en cours un peu partout dans le monde occidental pourrait être non pas de réduire le chômage, mais d'accroître significativement la proportion de familles aidées et la charge financière de l'aide sociale. [eng] What is the work incentive effect of combining welfare with work ? A reassessment using experimental data What are the effects of making it possible to combine welfare with work? The existing literature suggests that this practice has strong work-incentive effects and represents a means for reducing unemployment and welfare dependency. In this paper we reassess this thesis using new us experimental data. Our findings differ from predictions based on survey data. We find that making it possible to combine welfare with work has only very limited incentive impacts on familles' work effort and significantly increases the welfare caseload.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License

File URL:
Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License

As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 1357-1368

in new window

Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_6_410472
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410472
Contact details of provider: Web page:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_6_410472. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.