IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/prs/reveco/reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_6_410471.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

La réforme du Welfare américain de 1996. Objectifs, méthodes d'évaluation, principaux résultats

Author

Listed:
  • Antoine Parent
  • Christel Gilles

Abstract

[eng] The 1996 us welfare reform : goals, methodologies of evaluation, main outcomes. . This paper reviews the recent literature evaluating the effectiveness of us Welfare Reforms implemented in the 90's and based on a "Work First" Strategy applied mostly to single mothers beneficiaries of TANF. In the first section, we present in a historical perspective the 1996 Welfare Reform and its major characteristics. We address in the second section, the question of the methodologies adopted in the literature to assess the outcome of the Welfare Reform. In a third section, we present the most robust results provided by these various evaluation studies. Finally, in an open conclusion, we raise the issue of the scope of these results and underline the risks inferred by the Federal Welfare Reform 1996 on Single mothers in a weak macro-economic environment: should economic conditions deteriorate, there is a risk for leaving a fraction of the population without any safety net. [fre] La réforme de l'aide sociale aux États-Unis, fondée sur le retour à l'emploi des femmes seules avec enfants bénéficiaires du TANF, a donné lieu à de multiples évaluations qui ne présentent pas toutes les mêmes garanties de robustesse. Après avoir resitué la réforme fédérale de 1996 dans une perspective historique et présenté ses traits saillants, nous nous livrons à un examen critique des méthodes d'évaluation. Nous présentons les résultats les plus robustes issus de ces métho­des. Dans une conclusion ouverte, nous nous interrogeons sur la portée de ces résultats et soulignons les risques que fait courir cette réforme pour les femmes seules avec enfants dans un contexte économique de moindre croissance.

Suggested Citation

  • Antoine Parent & Christel Gilles, 2002. "La réforme du Welfare américain de 1996. Objectifs, méthodes d'évaluation, principaux résultats," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(6), pages 1329-1355.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_6_410471
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410471
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3406/reco.2002.410471
    Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

    File URL: https://www.persee.fr/doc/reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_6_410471
    Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version below or search for a different version of it.

    Other versions of this item:

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D6 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_6_410471. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: https://www.persee.fr/collection/reco .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.