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Allocation universelle vs. indemnité chômage. Evaluation quantitative dans un modèle d'appariement

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  • Arnaud Chéron

Abstract

[fre] Cet article vise à proposer une évaluation quantitative de l'incidence d'une substitution du système d'indemnisation chômage en place en France par une allocation universelle. Cette évaluation est conduite dans le cadre d'un modèle dynamique d'équilibre général avec accumulation de capital. Le chômage d'équilibre est le produit de délais d'appariement entre les emplois vacants et les chômeurs, ainsi que de la négociation des salaires. Il apparaît que la réforme envisagée permettrait de réduire rapidement de manière significative et durable le taux de chômage. Les délais d'ajustement de l'emploi sont toutefois responsables d'une diminution modérée de la consommation des travailleurs à court terme. [eng] Basic income vs. unemployment benefit: quantitative evaluation in a matching model. . The aim of this paper is to evaluate the quantitative impact of replacing the unemployment benefit system by a basic income scheme. We undertake this evaluation in a dynamic general equilibrium model that includes capital accumulation. Equilibrium unemployment relies on labor market frictions: a matching process between vacancies and unemployed workers gives the number of hirings, and the wage is bargained at the individual level. We show that the policy reform allows for a persistent decrease in unemployment. Nevertheless, workers' consumption exhibits a low decrease in the short-run due to employment adjustment delays.

Suggested Citation

  • Arnaud Chéron, 2002. "Allocation universelle vs. indemnité chômage. Evaluation quantitative dans un modèle d'appariement," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(5), pages 951-964.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_5_410455
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410455
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