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Effets externes et taxation optimale. Une application à la taxation de l'énergie en France


  • Helmuth Cremer
  • Firouz Gahvari
  • Norbert Ladoux


[fre] Nous étudions l'application empirique du modèle de taxation des biens polluants de Cremer et al. [1998] au cas de la taxation de l'énergie en France. Dans un premier temps, nous estimons les différentes composantes du modèle (utilités, productivités, etc.) par un calibrage sur des données issues des enquêtes de l'INSEE. Ensuite, nous résolvons numériquement le problème de taxation optimale. Nous montrons que la taxe optimale sur le bien polluant, l'énergie, est significativement inférieure à la taxe pigouvienne. Par ailleurs, il peut être préférable de ne pas taxer du tout l'énergie plutôt que d'imposer une taxe selon la règle de Pigou. Enfin, la taxe optimale sur l'énergie a, en général, un impact négatif sur le bien-être des individus les moins productifs. [eng] Externalities and optimal taxation: an application to the taxation of energy in france. . This paper provides an empirical application of Cremer et al. [1998] to the taxation of energy in France. We first estimate the model through a calibration based on INSEE data. Then we solve the optimal taxation problem numerically. We show that the optimal tax on the polluting good is significantly below its Pigouvian level. Furthermore, it may be better to impose not tax at all rather than to impose a tax according to the Pigouvian rule. Finally, the optimal tax on energy does in general have a negative impact on the welfare of the individuals with the lowest productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Helmuth Cremer & Firouz Gahvari & Norbert Ladoux, 2002. "Effets externes et taxation optimale. Une application à la taxation de l'énergie en France," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(5), pages 933-949.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_5_410454
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410454

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    References listed on IDEAS

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