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Pauvreté des enfants et impact des transferts sociaux. Une comparaison France, Grande-Bretagne, Luxembourg, Etats-Unis

Listed author(s):
  • Bruno Jeandidier
  • Etienne Albiser

[fre] Nous analysons l'impact, sur la pauvreté des enfants, des transferts destinés aux enfants et/ou aux familles pauvres. Cet impact est successivement analysé en termes d'efficacité, d'efficience et d'équité. L'efficacité est mesurée par la réduction de l'intensité de la pauvreté. L'indicateur d'efficience compare cette réduction au coût des transferts. Enfin, l'équité est mesurée par les changements de rang dans la distribution des revenus des enfants pauvres avant transferts. La comparaison des résultats, en particulier entre, d'un côté, les deux pays anglo-saxons et, de l'autre, les deux pays d'Europe continentale, amène à une discussion générale portant sur le caractère universel versus ciblé des systèmes de transferts bénéficiant aux enfants. [eng] Child poverty and impact of social transfers We analyse the impact of cash transfers, targeted on children and/or poor families, on the monetary poverty of children. The impact of benefits is successively analysed in terms of efficacy, efficiency and equity. Efficacy is estimated through the reduction of the intensity of poverty. The efficiency indicator compares this reduction to the cost of transfers. Then, the equity is measured by the rank reversals in the distribution of income of poor children. The comparison of results, mainly between the two English-speaking countries and the two countries of continental Europe, leads to a general discussion about universal versus targeted on children transfers systems.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 569-579

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410427
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410427
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