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Mobilité du capital et spécialisation en Union européenne

Listed author(s):
  • Sébastien Dupuch
  • Jacques Mazier

[fre] Mobilité du capital et spécialisation en Union européenne Cet article s'intéresse à la mobilité du capital appréhendée par les ide (investissements directs étrangers) comme mécanisme d'ajustement au sein de l'Union européenne. Les déterminants des ide intra-européens et leur impact sur la spécialisation des pays sont successivement examinés en distinguant les facteurs de rééquilibrage et de polarisation. L'influence de la proximité géographique, de l'intensité des échanges commerciaux et du marché potentiel a accentué la pola­risation des ide dans les pays du centre. Tandis que les investissements domestiques ont contribué au renforcement de la spécialisation des pays européens, les ide ont favorisé la diversification des activités et les échanges intra-branche de qualité. [eng] Capital mobility and specialisation in the european union This article focuses on capital mobility highlighted through foreign direct investment (FDI) as an adjustment mechanism among eu members. The determinants of intra-european FDI and their impact on country specialisation are successively con-sidered, discerning counterbalancing and agglomeration factors. Several factors such as geographie proximity, trade links and market potential have strengthened FDI polarisation in centre countries. Domestic investments reinforced European specialisation while FDI increased economic diversification and quality intra-branch trade.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 483-492

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410419
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