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Deux approches de l'économie quantitative dans l'entre-deux-guerres. L'économétrie de Ragnar Frisch face à l'empirisme de Wesley Clair Mitchell

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  • Ariane Kieffer-Dupont
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    [fre] Au début du XXe siècle se développe chez les économistes l'exigence d'un rapprochement de type nouveau entre la théorie et la réalité, rapprochement pensé dans la perspective de la mesure. L'économie quantitative s'élabore tout particulièrement à partir de 1910, autour de deux approches majeures : l'empirisme et l'économétrie. Nous prendrons comme réfèrent le champ de recherche du cycle des affaires pour comprendre et analyser les points communs et les divergences entre ces deux programmes, car il apparaît comme le domaine privilégié de ces deux approches de l'économie quantitative dans l'entre-deux-guerres. [eng] Ragnar frisch's econometrics vs wesley clair mitchell's empirism on business cycles analysis during the interwar years At the beginning of the 20th century, the community of economists urged to find a new way of filling the gap between theory and reality, this rapprochement being thought in view of actual measurement. Quantitative economics was particularly developing around 1910 through two approaches: empirism and econometrics. We will focus on the business cycles research field in order to understand and analyse their common points and differences, because it appears as the favourite scope of these two main research programs of quantitative economics during the interwar years.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

    Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 605-615

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_3_410341
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410341
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