Croissance, intégration économique et chômage
[fre] L'article présente un modèle qui lie croissance et chômage de long terme. L'approche retenue est celle du salaire d'efficience de Shapiro et Stiglitz . Nous montrons que celle-ci permet de mettre en évidence simplement les deux grands effets qui gouvernent la relation chômage-croissance, à savoir les effets de capitalisation et de destruction créatrice. Le modèle suggère deux types de mécanismes dynamiques liant intégration économique et chômage de long terme. [eng] Growth, international trade and unemployment This paper examines the long run relationship between growth and unemployment. The framework used is the efficiency wage model of Shapiro and Stiglitz . We show how the unemployment-growth relationship is ruled by the capitalization and creative destruction effects. Finally, we show how international trade may change the long run unemployment rate.
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