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Croissance, intégration économique et chômage


  • Rodrigue Mendez
  • Taoufik Rajhi


[fre] L'article présente un modèle qui lie croissance et chômage de long terme. L'approche retenue est celle du salaire d'efficience de Shapiro et Stiglitz [1984]. Nous montrons que celle-ci permet de mettre en évidence simplement les deux grands effets qui gouvernent la relation chômage-croissance, à savoir les effets de capitalisation et de destruction créatrice. Le modèle suggère deux types de mécanismes dynamiques liant intégration économique et chômage de long terme. [eng] Growth, international trade and unemployment. . This paper examines the long run relationship between growth and unemployment. The framework used is the efficiency wage model of Shapiro and Stiglitz [1984]. We show how the unemployment-growth relationship is ruled by the capitalization and creative destruction effects. Finally, we show how international trade may change the long run unemployment rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodrigue Mendez & Taoufik Rajhi, 2001. "Croissance, intégration économique et chômage," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(3), pages 541-551.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_3_410335

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    JEL classification:

    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions


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