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Régulation de l'Internet. L'autorégulation nécessite-t-elle un cadre institutionnel ?

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  • Éric Brousseau

Abstract

[fre] Régulation de l'Internet. L'autorégulation nécessite-t-elle un cadre institutionnel ? Internet constitue-t-il le modèle idéal d'une économie autorégulée ? La capacité d'y établir de manière décentralisée un système de droits de propriété support de négociations interindividuelles peut le laisser penser ; d'autant que les modèles traditionnels de régulation, fondés sur l'intervention des États, deviennent inopé­rants. Les menaces pesant sur la viabilité du processus concurrentiel de même que les externalités générées au-delà de la « communauté » des utilisateurs d'Internet plaident cependant pour un encadrement des autorégulations afin d'éviter qu'elles ne soient détournées par des groupes d'intérêt cherchant à établir et à exercer un pouvoir de monopole. La maîtrise de certaines ressources clés - en particulier le système d'adressage - permettrait à une entité responsable en dernier ressort de la régulation d'Internet d'assurer ces fonctions minimales de régulation. [eng] Regulating the internet: does self-regulation call for the design of an institutional framework? Is Internet an ideal model for a self-regulated economy? It seems possible to decentrely organize and render enforceable a property right system on which inter-individual negotiations could be based. Moreover, traditional State intervention is no longer operable since Internet users can bypass the usual regulatory frameworks. A the same time, the long-term sustainability of the competitive process is not guaranteed in the digital economy, and cyber-activities generate externalities that affect the non-users of the Internet. These call for the organization of an institutional framework that would avoid the capture of self-regulations by interest groups seeking to exercises monopoly power. Delegating the management of some essential resources - especially, the addressing system - to an entity responsible for the regulation in the last resort would enable the construction of such a framework.

Suggested Citation

  • Éric Brousseau, 2001. "Régulation de l'Internet. L'autorégulation nécessite-t-elle un cadre institutionnel ?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(1), pages 349-377.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_hos_52_1_410294 Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410294
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    1. Creane, Anthony, 1995. "Endogenous Learning, Learning by Doing and Information Sharing," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 36(4), pages 985-1002, November.
    2. R. Aversi & G. Dosi & G. Fagiolo & M. Meacci & C. Olivetti, 1997. "Demand Dynamics With Socially Evolving Preferences," Working Papers ir97081, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
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