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Interaction et coopération en réseau. Un modèle de gratuité

Listed author(s):
  • Thierry Pénard
  • Godefroy Dang Nguyen

[fre] Sur Internet, les interactions entre utilisateurs ou nœuds de réseau prennent le plus souvent la forme de requêtes. Ainsi, les forums et les communautés virtuelles, mais aussi les réseaux physiques, qui supportent Internet, fonctionnent sur la base de requêtes. À partir de cette représentation d'Internet, nous étudions les stratégies ou les modalités optimales de tarification des requêtes. Sous certaines conditions, la gratuité est un modèle d'interaction efficace, permettant de minimiser les coûts de fonctionnement du réseau. Ce principe de gratuité est renforcé lorsque les émetteurs de requête acceptent de ne pas protéger ou de laisser en libre accès le résultat de leurs requêtes. Ce cadre d'analyse permet ainsi de mieux comprendre les pratiques de coopération sur Internet, comme les accords de peering entre opérateurs de réseaux ou le développement de logiciels libres. [eng] Interaction and cooperation inside internet communities Interactions between Internet users or network nodes mostly consist of requests. Thus, virtual communities and newsgroup, but also data transmission through Internet networks, rest on systems of bilateral or multilateral requests. This representation of Internet allows us to study the best strategies for the senders of requests. We show that under certain conditions, it is not optimal for the senders to reward the agents who do the requests. Hence free interaction may be a relative efficient model for Internet communities. This model is strenghtened when the senders accept to leave the results of their requests open. This framework helps to better undestand cooperative practices on Internet, like peering agreements among Internet Service Providers or open source software projects.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 57-76

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_hos_52_1_410276
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410276
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