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Introduction : Economie d'Internet, économie du numérique

Listed author(s):
  • Éric Brousseau
  • Nicolas Curien

[fre] Introductif à une série de contributions sur l'économie d'Internet, cet article a un triple objectif. On y rappelle tout d'abord quelques faits et principes fondamentaux caractérisant la morphologie d'Internet, son fonctionnement, ses modalités de régulation, ainsi que son histoire accélérée, qui a fait aujourd'hui de ce « réseau des réseaux » une plate-forme mondiale, supportant aussi bien échanges informationnels que transactions commerciales. On y montre ensuite comment l'économie propre au « système » Internet, en suscitant des relations et des coordinations originales entre les agents économiques et les acteurs sociaux, agit comme un catalyseur de mutations dans la structure des marchés et celle des hiérarchies, synthétisant - comme dans un laboratoire - le modèle d'une future économie numérique en cours de gestation. On y dessine enfin le plan de travail des chercheurs théoriciens et empiristes qui aspirent à mettre au jour les ressorts commandant les mécanismes à l'œuvre sur Internet et à en mesurer les impacts sur l'organisation et la croissance économique. [eng] Internet economics, digital economics As an introduction to a series of contributions about Internet economics, the present paper has three goals. We firstly recall several basic facts and principles characterizing the morphology of the Internet, its operating system, its regulation procedures, as well as its rapid success which today makes it the "net of nets" as well as a universal platform for information exchanges and commercial transactions. Then we show how the economics of the "Internet system", by creating original types of relationship and coordination between economic and social agents, acts as a catalyst generating mutations in market structures and hierarchical settings, thus synthesizing, as in a laboratory, the scheme of an emerging "digital economy". Finally, we draw up an agenda for the theoretical and empirical researchers in this field, aiming for a better understanding of the Internet's dynamic driving forces and for a relevant assessment of its impact on economic organization and growth.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 7-36

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_hos_52_1_410273
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410273
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