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La théorie économique du protectionnisme en 1950

  • Antoine Bouët

[eng] The economics of protectionnism in 1950. . In 1950, the economic theory of protectionnism focused on basic elements of optimum tariff argument, of customs union theory and of the analysis of optimal intervention in the presence of domestic distorsions. Bickerdike's optimal tariff theory was accepted but its political implementation was considered with difficulty. Viner studied the static effects of trade creation and trade diversion in a customs union, but his analysis of dynamic effects is incomplete. Lastly, the effects of trade policy in a distorded economy is initiated by Haberler. [fre] En 1950, la science économique met en place des éléments essentiels de la théorie du tarif optimum, du régionalisme et de l'intervention optimale en présence de distorsions intérieures. Si l'argument du tarif optimum de Bickerdike est « revisité » et accepté, c'est son implantation pratique qui est mise en cause. Parallèlement, Viner établit les incontournables effets de création et de détournement de trafic dans le cadre de la formation d'une union douanière. L'analyse des effets statiques des accords régionaux est ainsi très largement mise en place, alors que l'ouvrage de Viner est incomplet, sinon inexact sur les effets dynamiques. Haberler initie enfin l'analyse des effets de la politique commerciale en présence de distorsions intérieures ou d'objectifs non économiques.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 51 (2000)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 1281-1296

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_5_410585
Note: DOI:10.2307/3503091
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